The spring constant of an automotive suspension spring increases with increasing load due to a spring coil that is widest at the bottom, smoothly tapering to a smaller diameter near the top. The result is a softer ride on normal road surfaces from the narrower coils, but the car does not bottom out on bumps because when the upper coils collapse, they leave the stiffer coils near the bottom to absorb the load. For a tapered spiral spring that compresses 12.9 cm with a 1 000-N load and 31.5 cm with a 5 000-N load,
(a) Evaluate the constants a and b in the empirical equation F = axb and
(b) Find the work needed to compress the spring 25.0 cm. |

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