Statement of a problem № 42253


Sodium melts at 99°C. Liquid sodium, an excellent thermal conductor, is used in some nuclear reactors to cool the reactor core. The liquid sodium is moved through pipes by pumps that exploit the force on a moving charge in a magnetic field. The principle is as follows. Assume the liquid metal to be in an electrically insulating pipe having a rectangular cross section of width w and height h. A uniform magnetic field perpendicular to the pipe affects a section of length L (Fig. P29.53). An electric current directed perpendicular to the pipe and to the magnetic field produces a current density J in the liquid sodium. (a) Explain why this arrangement produces on the liquid a force that is directed along the length of the pipe. (b) Show that the section of liquid in the magnetic field experiences a pressure increase JLB.

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