A cannon is placed at the bottom of a cliff 61.5 m high. If the cannon is fired straight upward, the cannonball just reaches the top of the cliff.
(a) What is the initial speed of the cannonball?
(b) Suppose a second cannon is placed at the top of the cliff. This cannon is fired horizontally, giving its cannonballs the same initial speed found in part (a). Show that the range of this cannon is the same as the maximum range of the cannon at the base of the cliff. (Assume the ground at the base of the cliff is level, though the result is valid even if the ground is not level.) |

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